In mathematical finance, a replicating portfolio for a given asset is a portfolio of assets with the same properties. Here we replicate time through motions that have the same properties as time.

Step 1. Consider the motion of a rigid body A with a translation and a rotation around the same axis, such that the translation and rotation begin and end together. Measure the displacement of the translation as a multiple of the rigid body length along the axis. Count the number of rotations and any fractional rotation of the rigid body. The assertion here is that the quantity of rotations is a measure of the *dischronment*, that is, the duration of motion around the axis of rotation.

Step 2. Separate the motion of rigid body A into a translation of rigid body B and a rotation of rigid body C such that the displacement of B and the dischronment of C are the same as the displacement and dischronment of A in step 1. Then the displacement of B is a measure of the displacement of A, and the dischronment of C is a measure of the dischronment of A.

Step 3. Construct an independent clock as a rotating rigid body that matches the rotation of rigid bodies A and C but runs continuously. Note the marking on the clock when rigid bodies A and C start and stop moving. The quantity of rotations between the start and stop is equal to the duration of motion of rigid bodies A and C. The reading on the clock is a measure of scalar time.

Conclusion. In order to generalize this the clock needs to move at a constant rate that is standardized for all clocks. Then allow another rotation so that the motion of translation and rotation replicates any rigid body motion per Chasles [shahl] Theorem of kinematics.

Chasles [shahl] Theorem states: *Every rigid body motion can be realized by a **rotation **about an axis combined with a translation parallel to that axis.* (*Reference*)

The independent clock generates a scalar time because it is not associated with any axis or direction. If the clock is associated with an axis of motion, then it generates a vector time, just as a rigid rod along an axis generates a vector length.