iSoul In the beginning is reality

Time Space Glossary

In order to speak with precision about the temporocosm (1D space + 3D time) I’ve had to invent many new terms. I’ve tried to make them parallel to the corresponding spatiocosm (3D space + 1 D time) terms and to follow scientific practice of using Greek and Latin roots. These new time-space terms are placed parallel to their corresponding space-time terms in two pdf’s, Parallel Glossary for Classical Physics and Parallel Glossary for Relativity Physics.

Note that the term time has multiple meanings: duration, distime, distimement, 3D time. These correspond to the meanings of space: length, distance, displacement, 3D space.

The terms below are presented in this format: spatiocosm (3+1) term in bold, definition, units, etymology, corresponding temporocosm (1+3) term, and in some cases a suggested symbol. Other terms in this glossary are in italics.

3D space (length space) is a 3D Euclidean space of length. A (space) position is a point in 3D space, represented by a (space) position vector, r. Symbol s.

3D time (duration space) is a 3D Euclidean space of duration. A time position is a point in 3D time, represented by a time position vector, w. Symbol t.

angular fulmentum for a point particle is the cross product of the particle’s time vector, w (relative to an origin), and its fulmentum vector, q = nu. (cf. angular momentum)

body (of an object) is a collection of related points or particles in 3D space with mass and motion from one point in another along a time path.

body (of a subject) is a collection of related points in 3D time with vass and movement from an origin to a destination along a path (trajectory, route).

center of vass is the mean point in 3D time of the transicles of a movement, weighted by their vasses.

displacement (dis∙place′∙ment) is the linear or geodesic distance, or the vector difference between two points in 3D space. From dis + place + ment. Symbol r.

distance is the magnitude of a displacement.

distime is the magnitude of a distimement.

distimement (dis∙time′∙ment) is the linear or geodesic duration, or the vector difference between two instants in 3D time. From dis + time + ment. Symbol w. (cf. displacement)

duration is what is measured by a stopwatch, or by the difference between two readings on a clock. Units in seconds, hours, etc.

energy is the capacity for doing work, E.

epimony is the capacity for persistence, Y. From Greek epimon(os), persistence + –y.

exertion is the space rate of making effort: V/s = Γu (cf. power)

facilia (linear) is the nonresistance of a subject to a change in its state of movement. From Latin for easy. (cf. inertia)

figure is a substance with vass that occupies 3D time. (cf. matter)

fulment is the product of a physical quantity times its duration from point or line in 3D time. From fulmentum. (cf. moment)

fulmentum (ful∙men′∙tum) is the legerity weighted by (times) the vass. Latin, prop, support. Units of s kg‑1 m‑1. Symbol q = nu. (cf. momentum)

Galilei (or Galilean) time-space is a context in which the measurement of space is the same for all observers (i.e., absolute space), whereas the measurement of time is relative to the motion of each observer. The Galilean time-space transformation is: = t – ur, and for all other coordinates the primed and unprimed values are equal.

legerity (le·jer′·i·ty) is the space rate of change of the distimement of a movement. From Middle French legereté, quickness or lightness in movement. Symbol ℓ or u.  Mean legerity is Δws. Punctaneous legerity is dw/ds = dw/|dr|. (cf. velocity)

length is what is measured by a ruler, or by the difference between two readings on an odometer. Units of length in meters, kilometers, etc.

linear reference (reference length) is the transit length along a path of movement. Measured by an odometer.

Lorentz time-space is the relativistic 1D space + 3D time. It includes a factor, γ, along with the modal pace, ç: r′ = γ (rt/u) and t′ = γ (trç²/u), with γ = (1 – ç²/)–1/2. This applies only if |u| > ç. The superluminal case is: t′ = γ (t – ur) and r′ = γ (rut/ç²) with γ = (1 – /ç²)–1/2, which applies only if |u| < ç.

matter is a substance with mass that occupies 3D space. (cf. figure)

modal pace is the pace of the mode of observation. It is independent of any observed movement. It serves as a general conversion between time and space. Paces greater than the modal pace are submodal (cf. subluminal). Paces less than the modal pace are supermodal (cf. superluminal). Symbolized by ç (c-cedilla).

modulation (mod∙u∙la′∙tion) is the rate of change of legerity with respect to the unit length. Negative modulation is demodulation. Verb modulate. Units of s/m². Symbol b. (cf. acceleration)

movement in time is a continuous change of the time position of a subject as length increases.

pace is the space rate of movement, the ratio of the change in duration per unit of length. It is a scalar quantity with magnitude but no direction. From racing etc. Units of s/m, min/km, etc. Mean pace is Δts. Punctaneous pace is dt/ds. (cf. speed)

pace of light is the pace of light in a vacuum, which equals 3.335641 ns/m. Symbolized by ç (c-cedilla).

persistence is a constant surge, Γ, that changes a subject the distimement t: V = Γt. (cf. work)

rotational facilia (fulment of facilia) is the second fulment of vass with respect to distimement w from an axis: J = ∫ w2 dn. (cf. moment of inertia)

odometer (or cyclometer) measures length continually, in order to be symmacronized with a motion.

space-time (spatiocosm) is comprised of three dimensions of length ordered by duration.

strophence is the rate of change of angular fulmentum of a subject, σ = Iβ. From Greek strophe, turn + (e)nce. (cf. torque)

surge is the space rate of change of fulmentum. Units of s kg-1 m-2. Symbol Γ = nb. (cf. force)

symmacronized motions occur with the same path length. From Greek sym + macron + ize. (cf. synchronize)

temporal direction is direction in 3D time, measured as an angle from a reference ray.

time-space (temporocosm) is comprised of three dimensions of duration ordered by length.

transicle (point vass) is (1) a very small subject with movement and vass; (2) an idealized point subject with time position and vass. From transi(t) + (parti)cle.

vass is the nonresistance of a subject to a change in its condition of movement when a net surge is applied. Inverse of mass. From vast. Units of kg-1. Symbol n.