iSoul In the beginning is reality

# Time Space Glossary

In order to speak with precision about time-space (1D space + 3D time) I’ve had to invent many new terms. I’ve tried to make them parallel to the corresponding space-time (3D space + 1 D time) terms and to follow scientific practice of using Greek and Latin roots. These new time-space terms are placed parallel to their corresponding space-time terms in two pdf’s, Parallel Glossary for Classical Physics & Transportation and Parallel Glossary for Relativity Physics.

Note that the term time has multiple meanings: duration, distime, distimement, 3D time, scalar time. These correspond to the meanings of space: length, distance, displacement, 3D space.

The terms below are presented in this format: term in bold, definition, units, etymology, and in some cases a suggested symbol. Other terms in this glossary are in italics.

3D space is the largest place.

3D time is the largest period.

acceleration is the time radius rate of change of velocity. Verb accelerate with negative decelerate. Units of m/s². Symbol a.

angular fulmentum for a transicle is the cross product of the particle’s time position vector, w (relative to an origin), and its fulmentum vector, q = nu.

angular momentum for a point particle is the cross product of the particle’s position vector, r (relative to an origin), and its momentum vector, p = mv.

center of mass is the mean point in 3D space of the particles of an object, weighted by their masses.

center of vass is the mean instant in 3D time of the transicles of a subject, weighted by their vasses.

displacement (dis∙place′∙ment) is the vector of the distance and direction between two points in 3D space. Symbol r.

distance is the length between two places in a medium.

distime is the duration between two periods in a mode.

distimement (dis∙time′∙ment) is the vector of the distime and direction between two instants in 3D time. From dis+time+ment. Symbol w.

duration is what is measured by a synchronous stopwatch, or by the difference between two readings on a clock. Units of seconds, hours, etc. Symbol t.

elaphra is the rush exerted on a subject by levity.

energy is the capacity for doing work. Units, J = N·m = W·s. Symbol E.

exertion is the space radius rate of doing invork: Q = dV/ds = Γ·u. Units: 1/J·m = O·s/m.

expedience is the space radius rate of change of legerity. Verb expedite with negative de-expedite. Units of s/m². Symbol b.

facilia (linear) is the nonresistance of a subject to a change in its state of movement. From Latin for easy.

figure is a substance with vass that occupies 3D time.

force is the time radius rate of change of momentum. Units in newtons, N = kg m s‑2. Symbol F = ma = Δpt.

fulment is the product of a physical quantity such as rush times its distime from an instant or line in 3D time

fulmentum (ful∙men′∙tum) is the legerity weighted by (times) the vass. Latin, prop, support. Units of kg‑1 s m‑1. Symbol q = nu.

gravitation is the mutual force that all bodies have, which is directed toward the body with greater mass.

impetus is a rush Γ applied over a length Δs, or change in fulmentum. Units O·m. Symbol K = Γ·Δs = Δq.

impulse is a force F applied over a time Δt, or the change in momentum. Units N·s. Symbol J = F·Δt = Δp.

inertia (linear) is the resistance of an object to any change in its state of motion.

instant is the smallest period.

instantaneous means happening in an instant of time.

invergy is the capacity for doing invork. Units, 1/J = O·s. Symbol Y.

invork (1/work) is a rush Γ applied over a distimement w: V = Γ·w. Constant rush: V = Γ Δt = Q Δs. Units O·s.

legerity (le·jer′·i·ty) is the space radius rate of change of distimement; the pace and direction vector. Symbol u. Mean legerity is Δws. Punctaneous legerity is dw/ds = dw/|dr|. From Middle French legereté, quickness or lightness in movement.

length is what is measured by a parallel ruler, or by the difference between two readings on a odometer. Units in meters, kilometers, etc. Symbol s.

levitation is the mutual rush that all bodies have, which is directed toward the body with greater vass.

mass is the resistance of an object to a change in its state of motion when a net force is applied. Units of kg. Symbol m.

matter is a substance with mass that occupies 3D space.

medium of motion is the material in or on which motion occurs. A vehicle is a means of motion.

mode of movement (transport) is the medium and means in or on which movement occurs.

moment is the product of a physical quantity such as force times its distance from a point or line in 3D space.

momentum (linear) is the velocity weighted by (times) the mass. Latin. Units in kg m s‑1. Symbol p = mv.

motion (travel) of an object is its change of place while a reference clock runs.

movement (transport) of a subject is its change of period while a reference odometer runs.

object body (object) is a collection of related points or particles in 3D space with mass and motion from an origin along a time path (trajectory).

pace is the space radius rate of change of the time radius of a subject without regard to direction; or the magnitude of the legerity. Symbol u. From racing. Units of s/m, min/km, etc. Punctaneous pace is dt/ds.

particle (point mass) is (1) a very small object with motion and mass; (2) an idealized point object with 3D space position and mass.

period is a time in which subjects or events may occur.

place is a space in which objects or events may occur.

point is the smallest place.

power is the time radius rate of doing work: P = dW/dt = F · v. Units: Watt, W = J/s = N·m/s.

punctaneous means occurring in a point of space.

reference frame is a space-time coordinate system and set of reference points in space-time.

reference timeframe is a time-space coordinate system and set of reference points in time-space.

rotational facilia (fulment of facilia) is the second fulment of vass with respect to distimement w from an axis: J = ∫ w2 dn.

rotational inertia (moment of inertia) is the second moment of mass with respect to displacement r from an axis: I = ∫ r2 dm.

space is that which is measurable by lengths.

space position of a point is the displacement vector to it from a reference point.

space radius of a place is its distance from a reference point.

space-time is 3D space with events ordered by time radius.

spatial angle (or direction) is the proportion of a circle between two intersecting rays in 3D space.

speed is the time radius rate of change of the space radius of a body without regard to direction; or the magnitude of the velocity. Symbol v. Units of m/s, km/hr, etc. Instantaneous speed is ds/dt.

station is a place that begins, ends, or divides a motion.

stop is a period that begins, ends, or divides a movement.

strophence is the rate of change of angular fulmentum of a subject, σ = Iβ. From Greek strophe, turn + (e)nce.

subject body (subject) is a collection of related instants or transicles in 3D time with vass and movement toward a destination along a path (trajectory).

rush is the space radius rate of change of fulmentum. Units in oldtons, O = kg-1 s m-2. Symbol Γ = nb = Δqs.

symmacronous motions occur with the same space radius; coordinated in space. From Greek sym + macron + ize.

synchronous motions occur with the same time radius; coordinated in time. From Greek syn + chron + ize.

temporal angle (or direction) is the proportion of a revolution between two intersecting rays in 3D time.

time is that which is measurable by durations.

time position of an instant is the distimement vector to it from a reference instant.

time radius of a period is its distime from a reference instant.

time-space is 3D time with events ordered by space radius.

torque is the rate of change of angular momentum of an object, τ = Iα. Units: N·m.

transicle (point vass) is (1) a very small subject with movement and vass; (2) an idealized point subject with 3D time position and vass. From transi(t) + (parti)cle.

traversal length (arc length) is the length along the path of movement; equals the integral of 3D space positions.

traversal time (arc time) is the duration along the path of motion; equals the integral of 3D time positions.

vass is the nonresistance of a subject to a change in its condition of movement when a net rush is applied. Inverse of mass. From vast. Units of kg-1. Symbol n.

velocity (vel∙o′∙ci∙ty) is the time radius rate of change of displacement; the speed and direction vector. Symbol v. Mean velocity is Δrt. Instantaneous velocity is dr/dt = dr/|dw|.

weight is the force exerted on an object by gravity.

work is a force F applied over a displacement r: W = F· r. For a constant force: W = F Δs = P Δt. Units: J = N·m.