iSoul In the beginning is reality.

Space-Time Glossary

In order to speak with precision about time terms (1 + 3) I’ve had to invent many new terms. I’ve tried to make them parallel to the corresponding space terms (3 + 1) terms and to follow scientific practice of using Greek and Latin roots. These new terms are placed parallel to their corresponding terms in two pdf’s, Parallel Glossary for Classical Physics and Parallel Glossary for Relativity Physics.

The terms below are from the Parallel Glossary of Space and Time for Classical Physics presented in this format: term in bold, definition, units, etymology, and in some cases a suggested symbol. Other terms in this glossary are in italics.

acceleration is the change of velocity per unit of time; verb is accelerate with negative decelerate; zero acceleration is unaccelerated; instantaneous acceleration is dv/dt = dv/|dt|; units of m/s²; symbol a.

angular fulmentum for a particle time point is the fulment of fulmentum, Γt × h, the cross product of the particle’s chronation vector, t, and its fulmentum vector, h = nw.

angular momentum for a particle space point is the moment of momentum, Lr × p, the cross product of the particle’s location vector, r, and its momentum vector, p = mv.

body is a physical entity with spatial and temporal extent and position.

carrier is a body with vass that fills a time; a measure of the lethargy content of a body.

Cartesian coordinates of an event are from 3 × 3: x1ex1 + x2ex2 + x3ex3 and t1et1 + t2et2 + t3et3 = (x1, x2, x3; t1, t2, t3) = (x; t), where xi and ti are rectilinear coordinates in space and time respectively, x is the vector of location in space, and t is the vector of chronation in time.

center of mass (or bathycenter) is the normalized moment of mass; M = Σi ri mii mi.

center of vass (or elaphrocenter) is the normalized fulment of vass; N = Σi ti nii ni.

chronation of a time point is its coordinates; symbol t.

circular motion: space circle S = wavelength λ = 1/h = μ/w = v/f; circular arc s; space radius R; (spatial) angle θ = s/R; frequency f = 1/T = v/λ; angular velocity v = S/T = λf; if S = 1, then v = f; if R = 1, then v = ω = 2πf = θ/t.

clock (horologe) displays time increasing at a standard rate.

cyclic motion: time period T = wavetime μ = 1/f = λ/v = w/h; rotation time t; time radius Q; turn angle ϕ = t/Q; periodicity h = 1/S = w/μ; angular legerity w = T/S = μh; if T = 1, then w = h; if Q = 1, then w = κ = 2πh = θ/s.

diachronic events are through time.

dischronment is a vector in time.

displacement is a vector in space.

drawing is a release G applied over a length dx or change in fulmentum; units O·m; symbol KR·dx = dh.

energy is the capacity for doing work; units, J ≡ N·m = W·s; symbol E; energy is conserved.

event is a physical occurrence with one location and one chronation.

facilia is the nonresistance of a body to a change in its state of motion; Latin for easy.

facilial frame (or system) bodies without external releases move with uniform legerity.

force is the agency that tends to change the momentum of a body; time rate of change of momentum; units in newtons, N = kg m s−2; symbol F ≡ dp/dt, e.g., ma.

frame of reference (frame) is a physical system that assigns to every event a unique position in 3 with a Euclidean metric.

fulment is the product of a physical quantity such as vass or release and its time from/to a time point.

fulment of facilia is the second fulment of vass; J ≡ Σi ti2ni.

fulmentum is the vass times the legerity; the space rate of change of the vass-time fulment; Latin, support; units of kg−1 s m−1; symbol q = nu.

gravitation is the mutual force that all bodies have, which is directed toward the mutual center of mass.

impulse is a force F applied over a time dt, or the change in momentum; units N·s; symbol JF·dt = dp.

in space means relative to the space frame.

in time means relative to the time frame.

inertia is the resistance of a body to any change in its state of motion.

inertial frame (or system) has bodies without external forces move with uniform velocity.

instantaneous event occurs in a time point.

isochron line shows equitemporal events.

isodistance line shows equidistant events.

kinematics is the study of spatial and temporal positions, called locations and chronations.

kinetic energy KE = ½mv².

kinetic lethargy KL = ½nw².

legerity (le·ger′·i·ty): Δts (default) space legerity of a body is the dischronment measured per unit of independent length; moment legerity of a body is the given dischronment traversed per elapsed length at an instant in time; punctaneous legerity is dt/dx; symbol w; French légèrité.

length is an extent in space.

length scale (or distance sc.) is a ratio of map length vs actual length.

lethargy is the capacity for repose; units, 1/J ≡ O·s; symbol D = 1/E; lethargy is restricted.

levage is the release exerted on a body by levity (from French).

levitation is the mutual release that all bodies have, which is directed toward the mutual center of vass.

linear length (or distance) is the length of a line between two space points.

linear time (or duration) is the time of standard motion between two time points.

location of a space point is its coordinates; symbol x.

mass is a measure of a body’s inertia; the resistance of a body to a change in its condition of motion as a net force is applied; inverse of vass; units of kg; symbol m.

matter is a body with mass that occupies a space; a measure of the energy content of a body.

metre is the SI metric unit of length, distance, and stance.

moment is the product of a physical quantity such as mass or force and its length from/to a space point/axis.

moment of inertia is the second moment of mass; I ≡ Σi ri2mi.

momentum (linear) is the mass times the velocity; the time rate of change of the mass-length moment; Latin, movement; units in kg m s−1; symbol p = mv.

motion of a body is a continuous change of its position relative to an observer.

observer is a means of measurement with space and time frames or devices.

odologe is an odometer that increases at a standard rate.

odometer is a device that measures the length of motion between space points.

pace: (default) space pace of a body is the traversal time per unit of independent length without regard to direction; time pace of a body is the given time period per length traversed at a chronation; punctaneous pace is dt/dx = |dt/dx|; the term pace is from racing; symbol u; units of s/m, min/km, etc.

perstantial events are through stance.

placidity is the ratio of repose per unit of length: Q ≡ dV/dx = R·u; units: 1/J·m = O·s/m.

power is the ratio of work per unit of time: P ≡ dW/dt = F ·v; units: Watt, W = J/s = N·m/s.

punctaneous event occurs in a space point.

rapidation is the change of legerity per unit of length; verb is rapidate with negative derapidate; zero rapidation is unrapidated; punctaneous rapidation dw/dx = dw/|dx|; units s/m²; symbol b.

release is the agency that tends to change the fulmentum of a body; space rate of change of fulmentum; units in oldtons, O = kg−1 s m−2; symbol R ≡ dq/dx, e,g., nb.

repose (inverse of work) is a release R applied over a dischronment t: Z R·t; for a constant release: Y = R dt = Q dx; units O·s.

second is the SI metric unit of time or duration.

simulstanteous events all occur at the same stance; n. simulstanteity.

simultaneous events all occur at the same time; n. simultaneity.

space frame of an observer or body is a frame at rest relative to it.

space mean pace is the arithmetic mean of paces with a common length unit.

space mean speed is the harmonic mean of speeds with a common length unit.

space point (point) is a point in space.

speed: (default) time speed of a body is the length traversed per unit of independent time without regard to direction; space speed (or spot speed) of a body is the given length traversed per elapsed time at a location; instantaneous speed is dx/dt = |dx/dt|; symbol v; units of m/s, km/hr, etc.

stance interval is a segment of a stanceline.

stance is the time frame origin position along the standard motion line in space.

stance vector is the time frame origin position vector in space.

stanceline is a series of stances.

standard motion is a fixed rate and direction of uniform motion set by convention.

stopwatch is a device that measures the time of motion between time points.

strophence is the fulment of release; the rate of change of angular fulmentum, σ = Iβ = t × R; from Greek strophe, turn + (e)nce.

synchronic events are within a time interval.

synchronous, have the same times; vb. synchronize, make synchronous.

synstanteous events have the same stances; vb. synstantize, make synstanteous.

synstantial events are within a stance interval.

time frame of an observer or body is a frame in standard motion relative to it.

time interval is a segment of a timeline.

time is an extent in time.

time is the space frame origin position along the standard motion line in time.

time mean pace is the harmonic mean of paces with a common time unit.

time mean speed is the arithmetic mean of speeds with a common time unit.

time point (event) is one instant in time.

time scale (or duration sc.) is a ratio of map time interval vs actual time interval.

time vector is the space frame origin position vector in time.

timeline is a series of times.

torque is the moment of force; the rate of change of angular momentum, τ = Iα = r × F; units: N·m.

travel length (arc length) is the length along a curve.

travel time (arc time) is the time along a curve.

vass measures a body’s facilia; nonresistance of a body to a change in its condition of motion as a net release is applied; inverse of mass; from inverse+mass; units of kg−1; symbol n.

velocity: Δxt (default) time velocity of a body is the displacement measured per unit of independent time; spot velocity of a body is the given displacement traversed per elapsed time at a point in space; instantaneous velocity is dx/dt; symbol v; Latin velocitas, swiftness, rapidity.

weight is the force exerted on a body by gravity.

work is a force F applied over a displacement x: W F· x; for a constant force: W = F dx = P dt; units: J = N·m.