In order to speak with precision about *time terms* (1 + 3) I’ve had to invent many new terms. I’ve tried to make them parallel to the corresponding *space terms* (3 + 1) terms and to follow scientific practice of using Greek and Latin roots. These new terms are placed parallel to their corresponding terms in two pdf’s, ** Parallel Glossary for Classical Physics** and

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**Parallel Glossary for Relativity Physics**The terms below are from the *Parallel Glossary of Space and Time for Classical Physics* presented in this format: term in bold, definition, units, etymology, and in some cases a suggested symbol. Other terms in this glossary are in italics.

**acceleration **is the change in the *displacement* per unit of duration; verb is *accelerate* with negative *decelerate*; zero acceleration is *unaccelerated*; *instantaneous acceleration* is d**v**/d*t* = d**v**/|d**t**|; units of m/s²; symbol **a**.

**angular fulmentum **for a particle time point is the fulment of fulmentum, **Γ** ≡ **t** × **h**, the cross product of the particle’s* chronation *vector, **t**, and its* fulmentum *vector, **h** = *n***w**.

**angular momentum **for a particle space point is the moment of momentum, **L** ≡ **r** × **p**, the cross product of the particle’s location vector, **r**, and its momentum vector, **p** = *m***v**.

**body** is a physical entity with spatial and temporal extent and position.

**carrier **(wave) is a body with *elaphrance* that fills a *time*; a measure of the lethargy content of a body.

**Cartesian coordinates** of an event are six dimensions: *x*_{1}**e**_{x1} + *x*_{2}**e**_{x2} + *x*_{3}**e**_{x3} + *t*_{1}**e**_{t1} + *t*_{2}**e**_{t2} + *t*_{3}**e**_{t3} = (*x*_{1}, *x*_{2}, *x*_{3}; *t*_{1}, *t*_{2}, *t*_{3}) = (**x**; **t**), where *x*_{i} are rectilinear coordinates in space, *t*_{i} are rectilinear coordinates in time, **x** is the vector of location in space, and **t** is the vector of chronation in time.

**center of elaphrance **(or *elaphrocenter*) is the normalized fulment of elaphrance; **N** = Σ_{i} **t**_{i} *n*_{i}/Σ_{i} *n*_{i}.

**center of mass **(or *bathycenter*) is the normalized moment of mass; **M** = Σ_{i} **r**_{i} *m*_{i}/Σ_{i} *m*_{i}.

**chronation** of a time point is its coordinates; symbol **t**.

**circular motion: **space circle S = wavelength *λ* = 1/*h* =* μ*/*w* = *v*/*f*; circular arc *s*; space radius R; (spatial) angle *θ* = *s*/R; frequency *f* = 1/T = *v*/*λ*; angular velocity *v* = S/T = *λf*; if S = 1, then *v* = *f*; if R = 1, then *v* = *ω* = 2π*f* = *θ*/*t*.

**clock** (horologe) is a device that displays time increasing at a standard rate.

**cyclic motion: **time period T = wave duration *μ*** = **1/f =* λ*/*v* = *w*/*h*; rotation time *t*; time radius Q; turn angle *ϕ* =* t*/Q; periodicity* h *= 1/S =* w*/*μ*; angular lenticity* w *= T/S =* μh*; if T = 1, then* w *=* h*; if Q = 1, then* w *=* κ *= 2π*h *=* θ*/*s*.

**diachronic** events are through time.

**dischronment** is a vector in time.

**displacement** is a vector in space.

**distance** is the metric of **ℝ**^{3}.

**drawing **is a *release*** G **applied over a length d*x* or change in *fulmentum*; units O·m; symbol **K** ≡ **R**·d*x* = d**h**.

**duration **is an extent in time.

**duration scale **is a ratio of map duration interval *vs* actual duration interval.

**elaphra** is the* release *exerted on a body by* levity*.

**elaphrance **is the nonresistance of a body to a change in its condition of movement as a net *release* is applied; inverse of mass; from *elaphr* + *ance*; units of kg^{–1}; symbol *n*.

**energy **is the capacity for doing work; units, J ≡ N·m = W·s; symbol *E*; energy is conserved.

**event **is a physical occurrence with one location and one chronation.

**facilia **(linear) is the nonresistance of a body to a change in its state of movement; Latin for *easy*.

**facilial system** has bodies at rest or moving with uniform lenticity.

**force **is the time rate of change of *momentum*; units in newtons, N = kg m s^{–2}; symbol **F** ≡ d**p**/d*t*, e.g., *m***a**.

**frame of reference** (frame) is a physical system that assigns to every event a unique **ℝ**^{3} position.

**fulment **is the product of a physical quantity such as *elaphrance* or *release* and its duration from/to a time point.

**fulment of facilia** is the second fulment of elaphrance; *J* ≡ Σ_{i} *t*_{i}^{2} *n*_{i}.

**fulmentum **is the *elaphrance* times the *lenticity*; the space rate of change of the elaphrance-duration fulment; Latin, prop; units of kg^{‒1} s m^{‒1}; symbol **q** = *n***u**.

**gravitation **is the mutual force that all bodies have, which is directed toward the mutual center of mass.

**impulse **is a force** F **applied over a duration d*t*, or the change in momentum; units N·s; symbol **J** ≡ **F**·d*t* = d**p**.

**in space** means relative to the static frame.

**in time** means relative to the kinetic frame.

**inertia **(linear) is the resistance of a body to any change in its state of motion.

**inertial system** has bodies at rest or moving with uniform velocity.

**instantaneous** event occurs in a time point.

**isochron line** shows *equiduration* events.

**isodistance line** shows *equidistant* events.

**kinematics **is the study of spatial and temporal positions, called *locations* and *chronations*.

**kinetic energy** KE = ½ *m***v**².

**kinetic frame** of an observer or body is a frame in standard motion relative to it.

**kinetic lethargy** KL = ½ *n***w**².

**length **is an extent in space.

**length scale** (or distance sc.) is a ratio of map length *vs* actual length.

**lenticity** (len·tis′·i·ty): Δ**t**/Δ*s* (1a)* space lenticity* of a motion is the dischronment traversed per unit of length elapsed; (1b) *time lenticity* (moment velocity) of a motion is the dischronment traversed per unit of length elapsed at an instant in time; (2)* punctaneous lenticity* is d**t**/d*x*; symbol **w**; Latin *lentus*, slow, sluggish.

**lethargy **is the capacity for repose; units, 1/J ≡ O·s; symbol *D* = 1/*E*; lethargy is *restricted*.

**levitation **is the mutual *release* that all bodies have, which is directed toward the mutual center of *elaphrance*.

**linear duration** (or distime) is the duration of standard motion between two time points.

**linear length** (or distance) is the length of a line between two space points.

**location** of a space point is its coordinates; symbol **x**.

**mass **is the resistance of a body to a change in its condition of motion as a net force is applied; inverse of* elaphrance*; units of kg; symbol* m*.

**matter **(particle) is a body with *mass* that occupies a space; a measure of the energy content of a body.

**metre** is the SI metric unit of length and stance.

**moment **is the product of a physical quantity such as mass or force and its length from/to a space point/axis.

**moment of inertia** is the second moment of mass; *I* ≡ Σ_{i} *r*_{i}^{2} *m*_{i}.

**momentum **(linear) is the *mass* times the *velocity*; the time rate of change of the mass-length moment; Latin, movement; units in kg m s^{‒1}; symbol **p** = *m***v**.

**motion of a body** is a continuous change of its position relative to an observer.

**observer** is a means of measurement with static and kinetic frames or devices.

**odologe** is an odometer that increases at a standard rate.

**odometer** is a device that measures the length of motion between space points.

**pace**: *space pace* of a motion is the time spent per unit of independent length (running length) without regard to direction; *time pace* (or moment pace) of a motion is the (short) time traversed per unit of length elapsed at a chronation;* punctaneous pace* is d*t*/d*x* = |d**t**/d*x*|; the term *pace* is from racing; symbol *u*; units of s/m, min/km, etc.

**perstantial** events are through stance.

**placidity **is the ratio of repose per unit of length: *Q* ≡ d*V*/d*x* = **R**·**u**; units: 1/J·m = O·s/m.

**power **is the ratio of work per unit of duration: *P* ≡ d*W*/d*t *= **F** ·**v**; units: Watt, W = J/s = N·m/s.

**punctaneous** event occurs in a space point.

**release **is the space rate of change of *fulmentum*; units in* oldtons*, O = kg^{−1} s m^{−2}; symbol **R** ≡ d**q**/d*x*, e,g.,* n***b**.

**repose **(inverse of work) is a release** R **applied over a* dischronment ***t**:* Z *≡ **R**·**t**; for a constant* release*:* Y = R *d*t *=* Q *d*x*; units O·s.

**retardation **is the change in the *dischronment* per unit of length; verb is *retard* with negative* de-retard *(or expedite); zero retardation is* unretarded*; *punctaneous retardation* d**w**/d*x* = d**w**/|d**x**|; units s/m²; symbol **b**.

**second** is the SI metric unit of duration and time.

**simulstanceous **events all occur at the same stance; n. *simulstanceity*.

**simultaneous** events all occur at the same time; n. *simultaneity*.

**space mean pace **is the arithmetic mean of paces with a common length unit.

**space mean speed** is the harmonic mean of speeds with a common length unit.

**space point** (point) is a point in space.

**speed**: *time speed* of a motion is the length traversed per unit of independent duration (running time) without regard to direction; *space speed* (or spot speed) of a motion is the (short) length traversed per unit of duration elapsed at a location;* instantaneous speed* is d*x*/d*t* = |d**x**/d*t*|; symbol *v*; units of m/s, km/hr, etc.

**stance interval** is a segment of a stanceline.

**stance** is the kinetic frame origin position along the standard motion line in space.

**stance vector** is the kinetic frame origin position vector in space.

**stanceline** is a series of stances.

**standard motion** is a fixed rate and direction of uniform motion set by convention.

**static frame** of an observer or body is a frame at rest relative to it.

**stopwatch** is a device that measures the duration of motion between time points.

**strophence **is the fulment of release; the rate of change of angular *fulmentum*, **σ** *=* I**β** = **t** × **R**; from Greek *strophe*, turn + (e)*nce.*

**synchronic** events are within a time period.

**synchronous**, have the same times; vb. *synchronize*, make synchronous.

**synstanteous** events have the same stances; vb. *synstantize, *make* synstanteous*.

**synstantial** events are within a stance interval.

**time interval** is a segment of a timeline.

**time** is the static frame origin position along the standard motion line in time.

**time mean pace** is the harmonic mean of paces with a common duration unit.

**time mean speed **is the arithmetic mean of speeds with a common time unit.

**time point** (event) is one instant in time.

**time vector** is the static frame origin position vector in time.

**timeline** is a series of times.

**torque **is the moment of force; the rate of change of angular momentum, **τ** *=* I**α** = **r** × **F**; units: N·m.

**travel length **(arc length) is the length along a curve.

**travel time **(arc duration) is the duration along a curve.

**velocity**: Δ**x**/Δ*t* (1a) *time velocity* of a motion is the displacement traversed per unit of duration elapsed; (1b) *space velocity* (spot velocity) of a motion is the displacement traversed per unit of duration elapsed at a point in space; (2) *instantaneous velocity* is d**x**/d*t*; symbol **v**; Latin *velocitas*, swiftness, rapidity.

**weight** is the force exerted on a body by gravity.

**work **is a force** F **applied over a displacement** x**: *W* ≡** F**·** x**; for a constant force: *W = F* d*x* = *P* d*t*; units: J = N·m.