iSoul Time is 3D

Time Space Glossary

In order to speak with precision about time-space (1D space + 3D time) I’ve had to invent many new terms. I’ve tried to make them parallel to the corresponding space-time (3D space + 1 D time) terms and to follow scientific practice of using Greek and Latin roots. These new time-space terms are placed parallel to their corresponding space-time terms in two pdf’s, Parallel Glossary for Classical Physics & Transportation and Parallel Glossary for Relativity Physics.

Note that the term time has multiple meanings: duration, distime, distimement, 3D time, scalar time. These correspond to the meanings of space: length, distance, displacement, 3D space.

The terms below are presented in this format: term in bold, definition, units, etymology, and in some cases a suggested symbol. Other terms in this glossary are in italics.

acceleration is the duration rate of change of velocity. Verb accelerate with negative decelerate. Faster is in direction of motion. Units of m/s². Symbol a.

angular fulmentum for a transicle is the cross product of the particle’s time position vector, w (relative to an origin), and its fulmentum vector, q = nu.

angular momentum for a point particle is the cross product of the particle’s position vector, r (relative to an origin), and its momentum vector, p = mv.

center of mass is the mean point in space of the particles of an object, weighted by their masses.

center of vass is the mean instant in time of the transicles of a subject, weighted by their vasses.

displacement (dis∙place′∙ment) is the vector of the distance and direction between two points in space.

distance is the metric of space.

distimement (dis∙time′∙ment) is the vector of the duration and direction between two instants in time. From dis+time+ment.

duration is the metric of time.

elaphra is the rush exerted on a subject by levity.

energy is the capacity for doing work. Units, J = N·m = W·s. Symbol E.

ertia (linear) is the nonresistance of a subject to a change in its state of movement. Opposite of inertia.

event is an occurrence in space and time; minimally, a point and an instant.

eventline is a linear ordering of events by the metric of space or time. A position in the eventline is often called the time, which is different from the time below.

exertion is the distance rate of doing invork: Q = dV/ds = Γ·u. Units: 1/J·m = O·s/m.

expedience is the distance rate of change of legerity. Verb expedite with negative de-expedite. Faster is opposite direction of motion. Units of s/m². Symbol b.

figure is a substance with vass that occupies a period.

force is the duration rate of change of momentum. Units in newtons, N = kg m s‑2. Symbol F = ma = Δpt.

fulment is the product of a physical quantity such as rush times its duration from an instant or line in time

fulmentum (ful∙men′∙tum) is the legerity weighted by (times) the vass. Latin, prop, support. Units of kg‑1 s m‑1. Symbol q = nu.

gravitation is the mutual force that all bodies have, which is directed toward the body with greater mass.

impetus is a rush Γ applied over a length Δs, or change in fulmentum. Units O·m. Symbol K = Γ·Δs = Δq.

impulse is a force F applied over a time Δt, or the change in momentum. Units N·s. Symbol J = F·Δt = Δp.

inertia (linear) is the resistance of an object to any change in its state of motion.

instant is the smallest period.

instantaneous means occurring in an instant of time.

invergy is the capacity for doing invork. Units, 1/J = O·s. Symbol Y.

invork (1/work) is a rush Γ applied over a distimement w: V = Γ·w. Const. rush: V = Γ Δt = Q Δs. Units O·s.

legerity (le·jer′·i·ty) is the distance rate of change of distimement; the pace and direction vector. Symbol u. Mean legerity is Δws. Punctaneous legerity is dw/ds = dw/|dr|. From Middle French legereté, quickness or lightness in movement.

length interval (or length) is the extent of motion as measured by a parallel ruler or odometer. Units in meters.

levitation is the mutual rush that all bodies have, which is directed toward the body with greater vass.

mass is the resistance of an object to a change in its condition of motion when a net force is applied. Units of kg. Symbol m.

matter is a substance with mass that occupies a place.

moment is the product of a physical quantity such as force times its distance from a point or line in space.

momentum (linear) is the velocity weighted by (times) the mass. Latin. Units in kg m s‑1. Symbol p = mv.

motion is a continuous change of position of an object from an origin.

motion is an object’s change of place over an interval of a timeline.

movement is a continuous change of position of a subject toward a destination.

movement is a subject’s change of time over an interval of a placeline.

object is a body with an origin (starting point) of motion.

pace is the distance rate of change of the time of a subject without regard to direction; or the magnitude of the legerity. Symbol u. From racing. Units of s/m, min/km, etc. Punctaneous pace is dt/ds.

particle (point mass) is (1) a very small object with motion and mass; (2) an idealized point object with space position and mass.

period is part of time for events to occur.

place is a part of space for events to occur.

placeline is a linear ordering of events by distance from a reference event.

point is the smallest place.

power is the duration rate of doing work: P = dW/dt = F · v. Units: Watt, W = J/s = N·m/s.

punctaneous means occurring in a point of space.

reference frame is a space-time coordinate system and set of reference points in space-time.

reference timeframe is a time-space coordinate system and set of reference points in time-space.

rotational ertia (fulment of ertia) is the second fulment of vass with respect to distimement w from an axis: J = ∫ w2 dn.

rotational inertia (moment of inertia) is the second moment of mass with respect to displacement r from an axis: I = ∫ r2 dm.

rush is the distance rate of change of fulmentum.Units in oldtons, O = kg-1 s m-2. Symbol Γ = nb = Δqs.

scalar rate of motion is the metric rate of change of the position vector of a body without regard to direction; or the magnitude of the vector rate of motion.

simulocus motions occur at the same space.

simultaneous motions occur at the same time.

space angle (spangle) or direction is the proportion of a circle between two intersecting rays in space.

space body (object) is composed of points.

space is a 3D differential geometry with extent measured by length interval.

space position of a point is the displacement vector to it from a reference point.

space position vector represents a point in space.

space-time is space with a timeline.

speed is the duration rate of change of the place of an object without regard to direction; or the magnitude of the velocity. Symbol v. Units of m/s, km/hr, etc. Instantaneous speed is ds/dt.

strophence is the rate of change of angular fulmentum of a subject, σ = Iβ. From Greek strophe, turn + (e)nce.

subject is a body with a destination (ending point) of movement.

symmacronous motions are coordinated in space, typically at the same place. From Greek sym + macron + ize.

synchronous motions are coordinated in time, typically at the same time. From Greek syn + chron + ize.

time body (subject) is composed of instants.

time interval (or time) is the extent of motion as measured by a synchronous stopwatch or clock. Units in seconds.

time is a 3D differential geometry with extent measured by time interval. time angle (tangle) or direction is the proportion of a revolution between two intersecting rays in time.

time position of an instant is the distimement vector to it from a reference instant.

time position vector represents an instant in time.

timeline is a linear ordering of events by duration from a reference event.

time-space is time with a placeline.

torque is the rate of change of angular momentum of an object, τ = Iα. Units: N·m.

transicle (point vass) is (1) a very small subject with movement and vass; (2) an idealized point subject with time position and vass. From transi(t) + (parti)cle.

traversal length (arc length) is the length along a path of motion; or integral of space positions.

traversal time (arc time) is the duration along a path of motion; or integral of time positions.

vass is the nonresistance of a subject to a change in its condition of movement when a net rush is applied. Inverse of mass. From vast. Units of kg-1. Symbol n.

vector rate of motion is the metric rate of change of the position vector of a body; the rate of motion with direction vector.

vector rate of the rate of motion is the metric rate of change of the vector rate of motion.

velocity (vel∙o′∙ci∙ty) is the duration rate of change of displacement; the speed and direction vector. Symbol v. Mean velocity is Δrt. Instantaneous velocity is dr/dt = dr/|dw|.

weight is the force exerted on an object by gravity.

work is a force F applied over a displacement r: W = F· r. For a constant force: W = F Δs = P Δt. Units: J = N·m.