iSoul Time has three dimensions

Time Space Glossary

In order to speak with precision about time-space (1D space + 3D time) I’ve had to invent many new terms. I’ve tried to make them parallel to the corresponding space-time (3D space + 1 D time) terms and to follow scientific practice of using Greek and Latin roots. These new time-space terms are placed parallel to their corresponding space-time terms in two pdf’s, Parallel Glossary for Classical Physics & Transportation and Parallel Glossary for Relativity Physics.

Note that the term time has multiple meanings: duration, distime, distimement, 3D time, scalar time. These correspond to the meanings of space: length, distance, displacement, 3D space.

The terms below are presented in this format: term in bold, definition, units, etymology, and in some cases a suggested symbol. Other terms in this glossary are in italics.

(3D) time is a 3D differential geometry with extent measured by duration.

acceleration is the change in the displacement per unit of its distimement magnitude. Verb is accelerate with negative decelerate. Faster acceleration is in the direction of motion. Units of m/s². Symbol a.

angular fulmentum for a transicle is the cross product of the particle’s time position vector, w (relative to an origin), and its fulmentum vector, q = nu.

angular momentum for a point particle is the cross product of the particle’s position vector, r (relative to an origin), and its momentum vector, p = mv.

center of mass is the mean point in space of the particles of an object, weighted by their masses.

center of vass is the mean instant in time of the transicles of a subject, weighted by their vasses.

chronological is ordered by clock time from or toward a reference instant.

clock (or horologe or nonstop watch) shows the current scalar time on a standard timeline.

displacement is the vector of the distance and direction between two points.

distance is the metric of space, the shortest (geodesic) length between two points.

distime is the metric of (3D) time, the shortest (geodesic) duration between two instants.

distimement is the vector of the distime and direction between two instants in time. From dis+time+ment.

duration (or time interval) is the extent of motion as measured by a stopwatch or a clock interval.

effort (1/work) is a rush Γ applied over a distimement w: V = Γ·w. Const. rush: V = Γ Δt = Q Δs. Units O·s.

elaphra is the rush exerted on a subject by levity.

energy is the capacity for doing work. Units, J = N·m = W·s. Symbol E.

event is an occurrence with spatial and temporal aspects; or a nonempty set of spatial points and temporal instants.

eventline is a scalar ordering of events.

exertion is the space (length) rate of effort: Q = dV/ds = Γ·u. Units: 1/J·m = O·s/m.

expedience is the change in the distimement per unit of its displacement magnitude. Verb is expedite with negative de-expedite. Faster expedience is in the opposite direction of motion. Units of s/m². Symbol b.

extragy is the capacity for effort. Units, 1/J = O·s. Symbol Y.

facilia (linear) is the nonresistance of a subject to a change in its state of movement. Latin for easy.

figure is a substance with vass that occupies a period.

force is the time (duration) rate of change of momentum. Units in newtons, N = kg m s‑2. Symbol F = ma = Δpt.

fulment is the product of a physical quantity such as rush times its distime from or toward an instant or line in time

fulmentum (ful∙men′∙tum) is the legerity weighted by (times) the vass. Latin, prop, support. Units of kg‑1 s m‑1. Symbol q = nu.

gravitation is the mutual force that all bodies have, which is directed toward the body with greater mass.

impetus is a rush Γ applied over a length Δs, or change in fulmentum. Units O·m. Symbol K = Γ·Δs = Δq.

impulse is a force F applied over a duration Δt, or the change in momentum. Units N·s. Symbol J = F·Δt = Δp.

inertia (linear) is the resistance of an object to any change in its state of motion.

instant is the minimum window.

instantaneous events occur in an instant of time.

legerity (le·jer′·i·ty) of a motion is the distimement per unit of its displacement magnitude. Symbol u. Mean legerity is Δws. Punctaneous legerity is dw/ds = dw/|dr|. From Middle French legereté, quickness or lightness in movement.

length (or length interval) is the extent of motion as measured by a rigid rod or an odometer interval.

levitation is the mutual rush that all bodies have, which is directed toward the body with greater vass.

link is an interval of a stanceline.

macronological is ordered by stance from or toward a reference point.

mass is the resistance of an object to a change in its condition of motion when a net force is applied. Units of kg. Symbol m.

matter is a substance with mass that occupies a place.

moment is the product of a physical quantity such as force times its distance from or toward a point or line in space.

momentum (linear) is the velocity weighted by (times) the mass. Latin. Units in kg m s‑1. Symbol p = mv.

motion is physical change.

motion of an object is a continuous change of its place in space and instant in a timeline.

movement of a subject is a continuous change of its period in time and point in a stanceline.

object is a body associated with a time.

odologe (o′∙do∙loje) or nonstop odometer shows the current stance on a standard stanceline.

odometer shows the current stance on a particular stanceline.

pace of a motion is the space rate of arc time change, that is, the time interval with respect to a stanceline interval without regard to direction. Symbol u. From racing. Units of s/m, min/km, etc. Punctaneous pace is dt/ds, which equals the magnitude of punctaneous legerity.

particle (point mass) is (1) a very small object with motion and mass; (2) an idealized point object with space position and mass.

period is an interval of a timeline.

point is the minimum place.

power is the time (duration) rate of doing work: P = dW/dt = F · v. Units: Watt, W = J/s = N·m/s.

present stance is the current point on the standard stanceline.

present time is the current instant on the standard timeline.

pseudo-duration is measured by length and expressed as time, as with multiplying length by the free-flow pace.

pseudo-length is measured by time and expressed as length, as with multiplying time by the free-flow speed.

punctaneous events occur in a point of space.

reference frame is a space-time coordinate system and set of reference points in space-time.

reference timeframe is a time-space coordinate system and set of reference points in time-space.

rotational facilia (fulment of facilia) is the second fulment of vass with respect to distimement w from an axis: J = ∫ w2 dn.

rotational inertia (moment of inertia) is the second moment of mass with respect to displacement r from an axis: I = ∫ r2 dm.

rush is the space (length) rate of change of fulmentum. Units in oldtons, O = kg-1 s m-2. Symbol Γ = nb = Δqs.

simuloculous events occur at the same stance from or toward a reference point.

simultaneous events occur at the same clock time from or toward a reference instant.

space angle or space direction is the proportion of a circle between two spatially intersecting rays.

space body (object) of an event is composed of points.

space is a 3D differential geometry with extent measured by length.

space position (or location) of a point is the displacement vector to it from a reference point.

(space) region is a continuous subset of space.

space-time is space with a timeline (3+1), i.e., space parameterized by time.

speed of a motion is the time rate of arc length change, that is, the length interval with respect to a timeline interval without regard to direction. Symbol v. Units of m/s, km/hr, etc. Instantaneous speed is ds/dt, which equals the magnitude of instantaneous velocity.

stance point (or scalar space) is the directed distime of all events equidistant (simuloculous) toward or from a reference point.

stanceline is an eventline in stance point (macronological) order;

stopwatch shows the current scalar time on a particular timeline.

strophence is the rate of change of angular fulmentum of a subject, σ = Iβ. From Greek strophe, turn + (e)nce.

subject is a body associated with a place.

symmacronous motions are parallel in space, e.g., are concentric. Greek macron, long. E.g., odologes should be in symmacrony.

synchronous motions are parallel in time, as in having the same period. Greek chron, time. E.g., clocks should be in synchrony.

time (or scalar time) is the directed distance of all events that are an equal distime (simultaneous) toward or from a reference instant.

time angle or time direction is the proportion of a revolution between two temporally intersecting rays.

time body (subject) of an event is composed of instants.

time position (or chronation) of an instant is the distimement vector to it from a reference instant.

 timeline is an eventline in time instant (chronological) order.

time-space is (3D) time with a stanceline (1+3), i.e., time parameterized by stance.

(time) window is a continuous subset of (3D) time.

torque is the rate of change of angular momentum of an object, τ = Iα. Units: N·m.

transicle (point vass) is (1) a very small subject with movement and vass; (2) an idealized point subject with time position and vass. From transi(t) + (parti)cle.

traversal length (arc length) is the length along a path of motion; or the integral of space positions.

traversal time (arc time) is the duration along a path of motion; or the integral of time positions.

vass is the nonresistance of a subject to a change in its condition of movement when a net rush is applied. Inverse of mass. From vast. Units of kg-1. Symbol n.

velocity (vel∙o′∙ci∙ty) of a motion is the displacement per unit of its distimement magnitude. Symbol v. Mean velocity is Δrt. Instantaneous velocity is dr/dt = dr/|dw|. From Latin velocitas, swiftness, rapidity.

weight is the force exerted on an object by gravity.

work is a force F applied over a displacement r: W = F· r. For a constant force: W = F Δs = P Δt. Units: J = N·m.

worldline is an eventline in spacetime.