Physics Glossary

In order to speak with precision about the chronocosm I’ve had to invent many new terms. I’ve tried to make them parallel to the corresponding chorocosm terms and to follow scientific practice of using Greek and Latin roots. These new terms are placed parallel to their corresponding terms in this pdf: Parallel Glossary for Classical Physics.

The terms below are from the Parallel Glossary for Classical Physics presented in this format: term in bold, definition, units, etymology, and in some cases a suggested symbol. Other terms in this glossary are in italics.

acceleration is the time rate of velocity; verb accelerate; negative is decelerate; zero is unaccelerated; instantaneous acceleration is dv/dt; units of m/s²; symbol a.

angular levamentum for a tempicle chronocosm point is the punctum of levamentum, Γt × h, the cross product of the tempicle’s chronation vector, t, and its levamentum vector, h = nw.

angular momentum for a particle chorocosm point is the moment of momentum, Lr × p, the cross product of the particle’s location vector, r, and its momentum vector, p = mv.

arc duration is the duration along a curve.

arc length is the length along a curve.

arithmetic addition is scalar or vector addition; symbol +, for adding rates with a common denominator.

body is a continuous set of point masses and point vasses.

carrier is a body with vass that takes time; a measure of the lethargy content of a body.

centre of mass (or barycentre) is the normalized moment of mass; M = Σi ri mii mi.

centre of vass (or elaphrocentre) is the normalized punctum of vass; N = Σi ti nii ni.

chorocosm is length space with time.

chronation of a body is its position in duration space; symbol t.

chronocosm is duration space with stance.

circular motion: circumference S = wavelength λ = 1/h = μ/w = v/f; circular arc s; radius R; angle θ = s/R; frequency f = 1/T = v/λ; angular velocity v = S/T = λf; if S = 1, then v = f; if R = 1, then v = ω = 2πf = θ/t.

cyclic motion: period T = wavetime μ = 1/f = λ/v = w/h; rotation duration t; duration radius Q; turn angle ϕ = t/Q; periodicity h = 1/S =/μ; angular lenticity= T/S = μh; if T = 1, then= h; if Q = 1, then= κ = 2πh = θ/s.

diachronic events occur through the chronocosm.

diatopic events occur through the chorocosm.

direction is a position toward which a body moves.

dischronment is a vector from one point to another in duration space.

displacement is a vector from one point to another in length space.

distance is the metric of length space.

distime is the metric of duration space.

duration elapsed is the duration of a simultaneous uniform motion from an anchor instant.

duration frame of a body (or observer) is a 3-d lattice of rods in uniform motion relative to it.

duration is the interval between two values on the length frame indicated by the duration frame.

duration space is the 3D vector space of a duration frame.

duration traversed is the duration of a target motion.

dynacosm is the six-dimensional world of weighted motion.

energy: the capacity for doing work; units, J ≡ N·m = W·s; symbol E; energy is conserved over time.

event is an occurrence at a point (or points) in the kinecosm (or dynacosm).

facilia is the nonresistance of a body to a change in its state of motion; Latin for easy.

facilial frame (or system) bodies without external releases move with uniform lenticity.

force is the agency that tends to change the momentum of a body; time rate of change of momentum; units in newtons, N = kg m s−2; symbol F ≡ dp/dt, e.g., ma.

frame of reference (frame) is a method to project every event with length and duration onto an ℝ3 × ℝ coordinate system.

gravitation is the mutual force that all bodies have, which is directed toward their mutual centre of mass.

harmonic addition (or reciprocal or parallel addition) is the reciprocal of the addend reciprocals; symbol ⊞, for adding rates with a common numerator.

impulse is a force F applied over a time dt, or the change in momentum; units N·s; symbol JF·dt = dp.

inertia is the resistance of a body to any change in its state of motion.

inertial frame (or system) has bodies without external forces move with uniform velocity.

instantaneous event occurs in a single time point.

isochron line links simultaneous events.

isodistance line links simulstanceous events.

kinecosm is the six-dimensional world of motion: three length dimensions and three duration dimensions.

kinetic energy KE = ½mv².

kinetic lethargy KL = ½n².

length elapsed is the length of a simulstanceous uniform motion from an anchor point.

length frame of a body (or observer) is a 3-d lattice of rods at rest relative to it.

length is the interval between two values on the duration frame indicated by the length frame.

length scale (or distance sc.) is a ratio of map length vs actual length.

length space is the 3D vector space of a length frame.

length traversed is the length of a target motion.

lenticity (len·tic′·i·ty) (or inverse velocity) is the distance rate of dischronment, Δts; punctaneous lenticity is the derivative of dischronment with respect to distance, dt/ds; symbol ; from Latin lentus, slow.

lethargy is the capacity for repose; units, 1/J ≡ O·s; symbol D = 1/E; lethargy is conserved over distance.

levage is the release exerted on a body by levity (from French).

levamentum is the inverse momentum, vass times the lenticity; the distance rate of change of the vass-time punctum; plural, puncta; Latin, point; units of kg−1 s m−1; symbol q = n.

levitation is the mutual release that all bodies have, which is directed toward their mutual centre of vass.

location of a body is its position in length space; symbol s.

mass is a measure of a body’s inertia; the resistance of a body to a change in its condition of motion as a net force is applied; inverse of vass; units of kg; symbol m.

matter is a body with mass that occupies a place; a measure of the energy content of a body.

metre is the SI unit of location, length, distance, and stance.

moment is the product of a physical quantity such as mass or force and its length from/to a space point/axis.

moment of inertia is the second moment of mass; I ≡ Σi ri2mi.

momentum (linear) is the mass times the velocity; the time rate of change of the mass-length moment; plural, momenta; units in kg m s−1; symbol p = mv.

motion of a body is a continuous change of its position.

pace (or inverse speed) is the distance rate of change of chronation apart from direction, Δts; punctaneous pace, the derivative of distime with respect to distance: dt/ds; pace is from racing (cf ritmo); symbol t; units of s/m.

particle is a very small body similar to a point mass.

placidity is the distance rate of repose effected: Q ≡ dV/dx = R·u; units: 1/J·m = O·s/m.

point mass is a weighted chorocosm point.

point vass is a weighted chronocosm point.

position is an index to a point of the kinecosm, ℝ3 × ℝ3.

power is the time rate of work done: P ≡ dW/dt = F ·v; units: Watt, W = J/s = N·m/s.

punctaneous event occurs in a single stance point.

punctum is the product of a physical quantity such as vass or release and its time from/to a time point.

punctum of facilia is the second punctum of vass; J ≡ Σi ti2ni.

release is the agency that tends to change the levamentum of a body; distance rate of change of levamentum; units in oldtons, O = kg−1 s m−2; symbol R ≡ dq/dx, e,g., nb.

relentment is the distance rate of lenticity; verb relent; negative is derelent; zero is unrelented; punctaneous relentment is d/dx; units s/m²; symbol b; from re- + Latin lentus, slow.

remove is a release G applied over a distance dx or change in levamentum; units O·m; symbol KR·dx = dh.

repose (inverse of work) is a release R applied over a dischronment t: Z R·t; for a constant release: Y = R dt = Q dx; units O·s.

rod-clock is a measuring device with two adjacent rods, each rod having marks at regular intervals and a pointer at the zero mark, with one rod in uniform motion relative to the other rod.

second is the SI unit of duration, chronation, and date-time.

simulstanceous events all occur at the same stance; n. simulstanceity.

simultaneous events all occur at the same time; n. simultaneity.

space (distance) mean pace is the arithmetic mean of paces with distance in common.

space (distance) mean speed is the harmonic mean of speeds with distance in common.

speed of a body is the time rate of change of location apart from direction, Δst; instantaneous speed is the derivative of distance traversed with respect to time, ds/dt; symbol v; units of m/s, km/hr, etc.

stance is the distance from length space origin; symbol s.

strophence is the punctum of release; the rate of change of angular levamentum, σ = Iβ = t × R; from Greek strophe, turn + (e)nce.

subframe of reference (subframe) is a method to index either every length space point or every duration space point in an ℝ3 coordinate system.

synchronous events occur at the same times; vb. synchronize, to make synchronous.

synstanceous events occur at the same stances; vb. synstancize, to make synstanceous.

tempicle is a very brief body similar to a point vass.

time is the distime from duration space origin; symbol t.

time mean pace is the harmonic mean of paces with time in common.

time mean speed is the arithmetic mean of speeds with time in common.

time scale (or duration sc.) is a ratio of map duration vs actual duration.

torque is the moment of force; the rate of change of angular momentum, τ = Iα = r × F; units: N·m.

vass measures a body’s facilia; nonresistance of a body to a change in its condition of motion as a net release is applied; inverse of mass; from (in)v(erse) (m)ass; units of kg−1; symbol n.

velocity is the time rate of displacement, Δst; instantaneous velocity is the derivative of displacement with respect to time, ds/dt; symbol v; from Latin velocitas, rapidity.

weight is the force exerted on a body by gravity.

work is a force F applied over a displacement x: W F· x; for a constant force: W = F dx = P dt; units: J = N·m.