In order to speak with precision about base-duration (1 + 3) I’ve had to invent many new terms. I’ve tried to make them parallel to the corresponding length-time (3 + 1) terms and to follow scientific practice of using Greek and Latin roots. These new terms are placed parallel to their corresponding terms in two pdf’s, ** Parallel Glossary for Classical Physics** and

*.*

**Parallel Glossary for Relativity Physics**Note that the term *time* has multiple meanings: duration, distime, dischronment, and timeline. The term *space* also has multiple meanings: length, distance, displacement, and baseline.

The terms below are presented in this format: term in bold, definition, units, etymology, and in some cases a suggested symbol. Other terms in this glossary are in italics.

**acceleration **is the change in the *displacement* per unit of duration; verb is *accelerate* with negative *decelerate*; no acceleration is *unaccelerated*; units of m/s²; symbol **a**; instantaneous (timepoint) acceleration is d**v**/d*t* = d**v**/|d**t**|.

**angle** (*θ* or *ϕ*) is a proportion of a circle between two rays intersecting in a spacepoint.

**angle direction** is the angle from a reference ray.

**angular fulmentum **for a particle timepoint is the fulment of fulmentum, **Γ** ≡ **t** × **q**, the cross product of the particle’s* chronation *vector, **t**, and its* fulmentum *vector, **q** = n**u**.

**angular momentum **for a particle spacepoint is the moment of momentum, **L** ≡ **r** × **p**, the cross product of the particle’s location vector, **r**, and its momentum vector, **p** = m**v**.

**body** is a physical entity with location and chronation.

**carrier **(wave) is a body with *elaphrance* that fills an occasion; a measure of the lethargy content of a body.

**center of elaphrance **(or *elaphrocenter*) is the normalized fulment of elaphrance; **T** = (1/*N*) Σi **t**i *n*i.

**center of mass **(or *bathycenter*) is the normalized moment of mass; **R** = (1/*M*) Σi **r**i *m*i.

**chronation** (or duration position) of a timepoint is the vector to it from the time origin; symbol **t**.

**circular motion: **stance circle S = wavelength *λ* = *v*/*f*; circular arc *s*; stance radius R; length angle *θ* = *s*/R; frequency *f* = 1/T = *v*/*λ*; angular velocity *v* = S/T = *λf*; if S = 1, then *v* = *f*; if R = 1, then *v* = *ω* = 2π*f* = *θ*/*t*.

**clock** (horologe) device displays the present timepoint.

**cyclic motion: **duration period T = wave duration *μ* = *u*/*h*; rotation duration *t*; duration radius Q; duration angle *ϕ* =* t*/Q; periodicity* h *= 1/S =* u*/*μ*; angular lenticity* u *= T/S =* μh*; if T = 1, then* u *=* h*; if Q = 1, then* u *=* κ *= 2π*h *=* θ*/*s*.

**dischronment** is a *trime* vector; or the distime and turn direction between two timepoints.

**displacement** is a space vector; the distance and angle direction between two spacepoints.

**distance **is (1) the length of uniform motion between two spacepoints at a reference speed; (2) the absolute difference between two stance values; or (3) the magnitude of a displacement vector; symbol *s*.

**distime **is (1) the duration of uniform motion between two timepoints at a reference pace; (2) the absolute difference between two time values; or (3) the magnitude of a dischronment vector; symbol *t*.

**drawing **is a *release*** G **applied over a length d*s* or change in *fulmentum*; units O·m; symbol **K** ≡ **R**·d*s* = d**q**.

**duration **is the extent of a motion as measured by a stopwatch or clock, with a sign indicating the direction of measurement.

**duration mean pace** is the harmonic mean of paces with a common duration unit.

**duration mean speed **is the arithmetic mean of speeds with a common duration unit.

**duration scale **is a ratio of map distime interval vs. actual distime interval.

**elaphra** is the* release *exerted on a body by* levity*.

**elaphrance **is the nonresistance of a body to a change in its condition of movement as a net *release* is applied; inverse of mass; from *elaphr* + *ance*; units of kg^{–1}; symbol *n*.

**energy **is the capacity for doing work; units, J ≡ N·m = W·s; symbol *E*.

**event **is a physical occurrence with location and chronation; or the spacepoint and timepoint of an occurrence.

**facilia **(linear) is the nonresistance of a body to a change in its state of movement; Latin for *easy*.

**facilial system** has bodies at rest or moving with constant lenticity.

**force **is the time rate of change of *momentum*; units in newtons, N = kg m s^{–2}; symbol **F** ≡ d**p**/d*t*, e.g., *m***a**.

**fulment **is the product of a physical quantity such as *elaphrance* or *release* and its distime from/to a timepoint.

**fulment of facilia** is the second fulment of elaphrance; *J* ≡ Σi *t*i^{2} *n*i.

**fulmentum **(ful∙men′∙tum) is the *elaphrance* times the *lenticity*; the space rate of change of the elaphrance-distime fulment; Latin, prop; units of kg^{‒1} s m^{‒1}; symbol **q** = *n***u**.

**gravitation **is the mutual force that all bodies have, which is directed toward the mutual center of mass.

**impulse **is a force** F **applied over a duration d*t*, or the change in momentum; units N·s; symbol **J** ≡ **F**·d*t* = d**p**.

**inertia **(linear) is the resistance of a body to any change in its state of motion.

**inertial system** has bodies at rest or moving with constant velocity.

**instantaneous** (or timepoint) events occur in a timepoint.

**isochron** line shows *equidistimed* events.

**isodistance **line shows *equidistant* events.

**kinematics **is the set of ordered pairs of relative length and duration position, called *location* and *chronation*.

**kinetic energy** KE = ½ *m***v**².

**kinetic lethargy** KL = ½ *n***u**².

**length **is the extent of a motion as measured by a rigid rod or a measuring wheel, with a sign indicating the direction of measurement.

**length mean pace **is the arithmetic mean of paces with a common length unit.

**length mean speed** is the harmonic mean of speeds with a common length unit.

**length scale **is a ratio of map distance vs. actual distance.

**lenticity **(len·tis′·i·ty) of a body in motion is the ratio of its* dischronment *to the change in stance; symbol **u**; mean lenticity is **t**/Δ*s*; *puncstanceous* (or *stancepoint*) *lenticity* is d**t**/d*s* = d**t**/|d**s**|; from Latin *lentus*, slow, sluggish.

**lethargy **is the capacity for repose; units, 1/J ≡ O·s; symbol *D* = 1/*E*.

**levitation **is the mutual *release* that all bodies have, which is directed toward the mutual center of *elaphrance*.

**location** (or length position) of a spacepoint is the vector to it from the space origin; symbol **s**.

**macrologe **device displays the present stancepoint. puncstanceous events occur in a spacepoint.

**mass **is the resistance of a body to a change in its condition of motion as a net force is applied; inverse of* elaphrance*; units of kg; symbol* m*.

**matter **(particle) is a body with *mass* that occupies a place; a measure of the energy content of a body.

**metre **is the SI unit of length, distance, or stance.

**metric of motion** is the extent of motion as measured by length or duration.

**moment **is the product of a physical quantity such as mass or force and its distance from/to a spacepoint/axis.

**moment of inertia** is the second moment of mass; *I* ≡ Σi *r*i^{2} *m*i.

**momentum **(linear) is the *mass* times the *velocity*; the time rate of change of the mass-distance moment; Latin, movement; units in kg m s^{‒1}; symbol **p** = *m***v**.

**motion of a body** is a continuous change of its location and/or chronation.

**pace **of an event is its space rate of motion, that is, the ratio of its duration to the stance unit without regard to direction; symbol *u*; from racing; units of s/m, min/km, etc.; puncstanceous (or stancepoint) pace is d*t*/d*s*, which equals the magnitude of *puncstanceous lenticity*.

**periods** (of time) are timeline intervals.

**placidity **is the ratio of repose per unit of stanceline: *Z* ≡ d*V*/d*s* = **R**·**u**; units: 1/J·m = O·s/m.

**power **is the ratio of work per unit of duration: *P* ≡ d*W*/d*t *= **F** ·**v**; units: Watt, W = J/s = N·m/s.

**reference frame **is a method of describing the location, velocity, and acceleration of a body.

**reference timeframe **is a method of describing the chronation, lenticity, and retardation of a body.

**release **is the space rate of change of *fulmentum*; units in* oldtons*, O = kg^{−1} s m^{−2}; symbol **R** ≡ d**q**/d*s*, e,g.,* n***b**.

**repose **(inverse of work) is a release** R **applied over a* dischronment ***t**:* X *≡ **R**·**t**; for a constant* release*:* Y = R *d*t *=* Z *d*s*; units O·s.

**retardation **is the change in the *dischronment* per unit of length; verb is *retard* with negative* de-retard *(or expedite); no retardation is* unretarded*; units s/m²; symbol **b**; *puncstanceous* (*stancepoint*) retardation d**u**/d*s* = d**u**/|d**s**|.

**second **is the SI unit of duration, distime.

**simulstanceous **events occur at the same stancepoint; n. *simulstanceity*.

**simultaneous **events occur at the same timepoint; noun *simultaneity*.

**space** is a Euclidean length manifold with three dimensions.

**space origin** is a reference spacepoint in the manifold.

**spacepoint** is an event with no length.

**spaces** (spans) are stanceline intervals.

**spatial origin** is the stancepoint of zero length.

**speed **of a body is its time rate of motion, that is, the ratio of its length to the duration unit without regard to direction; symbol *v*; units of m/s, km/hr, etc.; instantaneous (or timepoint) speed is d*s*/d*t*, which equals the magnitude of instantaneous velocity.

**stance **is the sequence of increasing lengths marked by a body in uniform motion; symbol *s*.

**stanceline** is a line of stancepoints in increasing order.

**stancepoint** is a length in this sequence.

**strophence **is the fulment of release; the rate of change of angular *fulmentum* of a body, **σ** *=* I**β**; from Greek *strophe*, turn + (e)*nce.*

**synchronous**, has the same timepoints; verb *synchronize*, make synchronous.

**synstanceous**, has the same stancepoints; vb. *synstancize*, make synstaneous.

**temporal origin** is the timepoint of zero duration.

**time **is the sequence of increasing durations marked by a body in uniform motion; symbol *t*.

**time origin** is a reference timepoint in the manifold.

**timeline **is a line of timepoints in increasing order.

**timepoint **is a duration in this sequence.

**timepoint** is an event with no duration.

**torque **is the moment of force; the rate of change of angular momentum of a body, **τ** *=* I**α**; units: N·m.

**travel distance **(arc length) is the length along a curve.

**travel time **(arc duration) is the duration along a curve.

**trime** is a Euclidean duration manifold with three dimensions.

**turn angle **(*χ* or *ψ*) is a proportion of a uniform revolution between two rays intersecting in a timepoint.

**turn direction **is the turn angle from a reference ray.

**velocity **(vel∙o′∙ci∙ty) of a body in motion is the ratio of its* displacement *to the change in time; symbol **v**; mean velocity is **r**/Δ*t*; instantaneous (or timepoint) velocity is d**s**/d*t* = d**s**/|d**t**|; from Latin *velocitas*, swiftness, rapidity.

**weight** is the force exerted on a body by gravity.

**work **is a force** F **applied over a displacement** s**: *W* ≡** F**·** s**; for a constant force: *W = F* d*s* = *P* d*t*; units: J = N·m.