iSoul Time has three dimensions

Time Space Glossary

In order to speak with precision about time-space (1D space + 3D time) I’ve had to invent many new terms. I’ve tried to make them parallel to the corresponding space-time (3D space + 1 D time) terms and to follow scientific practice of using Greek and Latin roots. These new time-space terms are placed parallel to their corresponding space-time terms in two pdf’s, Parallel Glossary for Classical Physics & Transportation and Parallel Glossary for Relativity Physics.

Note that the term time has multiple meanings: duration, distime, distimement, 3D time, scalar time. These correspond to the meanings of space: length, distance, displacement, 3D space.

The terms below are presented in this format: term in bold, definition, units, etymology, and in some cases a suggested symbol. Other terms in this glossary are in italics.

acceleration is the change in the displacement per unit of its distimement magnitude. Verb is accelerate with negative decelerate. Faster acceleration is in the direction of motion. Units of m/s². Symbol a.

alacrity is the space (length) rate of surge: Q = dV/ds = Γ·u. Units: 1/J·m = O·s/m.

angle is a proportion of a circle between two rays intersecting in a point.

angular direction is the angle from a reference ray.

angular fulmentum for a transicle is the cross product of the particle’s time position vector, w (relative to an origin), and its fulmentum vector, q = nu.

angular momentum for a point particle is the cross product of the particle’s position vector, r (relative to an origin), and its momentum vector, p = mv.

body is an entity composed of contiguous points and instants.

center of mass (or bathycenter) is the mean point in space of the particles of a body, weighted by their masses.

center of vass (or elaphrocenter) is the mean instant in time of the transicles of a body, weighted by their vasses.

chronological is ordered by a time line. Greek chron, time.

chronology is a series of events ordered by a time line.

clock (or horologe) is a nonstop stopwatch that displays the present time.

displacement is the vector of distance and angular direction between two points.

distance is the length of linear motion between two points.

distime is the duration of straight motion between two instants.

distimement is the vector of distime and turn direction between two instants. From dis+time+ment.

duration is the extent of a motion as measured by a stopwatch or clock.

effectivity is the capacity for surge. Units, 1/J = O·s. Symbol X = 1/E.

elaphra is the rush exerted on a body by levity.

energy is the capacity for doing work. Units, J = N·m = W·s. Symbol E.

event is a physical occurrence.

expedience is the change in the distimement per unit of its displacement magnitude. Verb is expedite with negative de-expedite. Faster expedience is in the opposite direction of motion. Units of s/m². Symbol b.

extent is the range of values.

facilia (linear) is the nonresistance of a body to a change in its state of movement. Latin for easy.

figure is a substance with vass that occupies a period.

force is the time (duration) rate of change of momentum. Units in newtons, N = kg m s‑2. Symbol F = ma = Δpt.

fulment is the product of a physical quantity such as rush times its distime from or toward an instant or line in time

fulmentum (ful∙men′∙tum) is the legerity weighted by (times) the vass. Latin, prop, support. Units of kg‑1 s m‑1. Symbol q = nu.

gravitation is the mutual force that all bodies have, which is directed toward the body with greater mass.

impetus is a rush Γ applied over a length Δs, or change in fulmentum. Units O·m. Symbol K = Γ·Δs = Δq.

impulse is a force F applied over a duration Δt, or the change in momentum. Units N·s. Symbol J = F·Δt = Δp.

inertia (linear) is the resistance of a body to any change in its state of motion.

instant is an event of minimal or no duration.

instantaneous events occur in an instant.

isochronous events occur at the same relative distime.

isomacronous events occur at same relative distance.

legerity (le·jer′·i·ty) of a motion is the distimement per unit of its displacement magnitude. Symbol u. Mean legerity is Δws. Puncstanceous legerity is dw/ds = dw/|dr|. From Middle French legereté, quickness or lightness in movement.

length is the extent of a motion as measured by a rigid rod or a measuring wheel.

levitation is the mutual rush that all bodies have, which is directed toward the body with greater vass.

linear clock measures time as length.

linear motion is motion with constant angular direction.

macronological is ordered by a stance line. Greek macron, long.

macronology is a series of events ordered by a stance line.

mass is the resistance of a body to a change in its condition of motion when a net force is applied. Units of kg. Symbol m.

matter is a substance with mass that occupies a place.

moment is the product of a physical quantity such as force times its distance from or toward a point or line in space.

momentum (linear) is the velocity weighted by (times) the mass. Latin. Units in kg m s‑1. Symbol p = mv.

motion of a body is a continuous change of its placement and instant in a time line, or a continuous change of its timement and point in a stance line.

object is a body with a chronology and macronology.

odologe (o′∙do∙loje) is a nonstop measuring wheel that displays the present stance.

pace of a motion is the space rate of duration change, that is, the ratio of time interval to a stance line interval without regard to direction. Symbol u. From racing. Units of s/m, min/km, etc. Puncstanceous pace is dt/ds, which equals the magnitude of puncstanceous legerity.

particle (point mass) is (1) a very small object with motion and mass; (2) an idealized point object with space position and mass.

period is an interval of a time line.

placement (or position) of a point is the displacement vector to it from a reference point.

point is an event of minimal or no length.

power is the time (duration) rate of doing work: P = dW/dt = F · v. Units: Watt, W = J/s = N·m/s.

pseudo-duration is measured by length and expressed as time, as with multiplying length by the minimum pace.

pseudo-length is measured by time and expressed as length, as with multiplying time by the maximum speed.

puncstanceous events occur in a point.

reference frame is a space-time coordinate system and set of reference points in space-time.

reference timeframe is a time-space coordinate system and set of reference points in time-space.

rotational facilia (fulment of facilia) is the second fulment of vass with respect to distimement w from an axis: J = ∫ w2 dn.

rotational inertia (moment of inertia) is the second moment of mass with respect to displacement r from an axis: I = ∫ r2 dm.

rush is the space (length) rate of change of fulmentum. Units in oldtons, O = kg-1 s m-2. Symbol Γ = nb = Δqs.

simulstanceous events occur at the same odologe reading relative to a reference point.

simultaneous events occur at the same clock reading relative to a reference instant.

space is a 3D geometry of points with distance metric.

space-time is space with a time line (3+1), i.e., space parameterized by time.

speed of a motion is the time rate of length change, that is, the ratio of length interval to a time line interval without regard to direction. Symbol v. Units of m/s, km/hr, etc. Instantaneous speed is ds/dt, which equals the magnitude of instantaneous velocity.

stance line is a real number line; the zero point represents the 3D space origin point; negative numbers represent distances to events of decreasing distance from the origin; positive numbers represent distances to events of increasing distance.

straight motion is motion with constant turn direction.

stretch is an interval of a stance line.

strophence is the rate of change of angular fulmentum of a body, σ = Iβ. From Greek strophe, turn + (e)nce.

surge (1/work) is a rush Γ applied over a distimement w: X = Γ·w. For a constant rush: X = Γ Δt = Q Δs. Units O·s.

symmacronous motions have the same periodicity and no phase difference; odologes should be symmacronous.

synchronous motions have the same frequency and no phase difference; clocks should be synchronous.

the stance is an event’s position on the stance line.

the time is an event’s position on the time line.

time (3D time) is a 3D geometry of instants with distime metric.

time line is a real number line; the zero point represents the 3D time origin instant; negative numbers represent distimes to events of decreasing distime from the origin; positive numbers represent distimes to events of increasing distime from the origin.

time rod or time wheel measure length as time.

timement of an instant is the distimement vector to it from a reference instant.

time-space is (3D) time with a stance line (1+3), i.e., time parameterized by stance.

torque is the rate of change of angular momentum of a body, τ = Iα. Units: N·m.

transicle (point vass) is (1) a very small body with movement and vass; (2) an idealized point body with time position and vass. From transi(t) + (parti)cle.

traversal length (arc length) is the length along a path of motion; or the integral of space positions.

traversal time (arc time) is the duration along a path of motion; or the integral of time positions.

turn angle is a proportion of a revolution between two rays intersecting in an instant.

turn direction is the turn angle from a reference ray.

vass is the nonresistance of a body to a change in its condition of movement when a net rush is applied. Inverse of mass. From vast. Units of kg-1. Symbol n.

velocity (vel∙o′∙ci∙ty) of a motion is the displacement per unit of its distimement magnitude. Symbol v. Mean velocity is Δrt. Instantaneous velocity is dr/dt = dr/|dw|. From Latin velocitas, swiftness, rapidity.

weight is the force exerted on a body by gravity.

work is a force F applied over a displacement r: W = F· r. For a constant force: W = F Δs = P Δt. Units: J = N·m.