This post continues from the previous post *here*.

All motion is axial. It is a principle of kinematics that every motion is composed of the simple motions of translation and rotation. These simple motions are either along an axis (translation) or around an axis (rotation).

Here is a table of these two simple motions:

Motion: | Motion Along | Motion Around |

Moving: | Straight | Turning |

Movement: | Rectilinear | Angular, Circular |

Simple Motion: | Translation | Rotation |

Measurement: | Length | Revolution |

Manifold: | Space | Time |

Length measurement is the ratio of the target length to a standard unit of length, such as one metre. Time measurement is the ratio of the target angle to a standard unit of angle, such as one revolution.

Space is a manifold of three dimensions of translation. Time is a manifold of three dimensions of rotation, which are three axes. These comprise six axes of motion, or six degrees of freedom.

The space and time exchange postulate means that the kinematic variables of translation and rotation are symmetric in the equations of motion. That is, a dual equation of motion is formed by exchanging space and time variables.